Greenhouse Gas Sequestration
GREENHOUSE GAS SEQUESTRATION
The beauty of a full grown crop can be a sight to behold, bringing joy and food to all. Yet, agriculture is not without its impact to the earth. Fortunately, agriculture can supply answers to these issues too…
The Agricultural Impact on Global Warming must be addressed. Agriculture contributes 20% of total Greenhouse Gas Emissions Worldwide, including 45% of Methane Emissions and 80% of Nitrous Oxide emissions1. The latter two gases are far more deleterious than CO2 emissions in global warming.
Agriculture can become its own solution to greenhouse emissions. Regenerative Agriculture Principles can improve soil structure2 which improves microbial life in the soil that allows the soil to capture more carbon in the soil. Good soil health helps improve nutrition for the plant which in turn creates healthier plants that will absorb more carbon than unhealthy plants through photosynthesis: Both soil and plant health are required to capture more carbon. EcoGEM’s Soil Enhancer provides much needed Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate that improves soil structure and enhances plant nutrition.
Use of Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate on dairy, pig and chicken farms – the primary sources of Methane and Nitrous Oxide – allows the farmer to trap these gases and bind them to the Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate, thus preventing escape into the atmosphere.
How Does Soil Carbon Sequestration Work?
Plants take up Carbon Dioxide through photosynthesis and convert the CO2 into carbohydrates that move through the plant root system into the soil. Microbes in the soil then process the carbohydrates, releasing CO2 back into the atmosphere and storing carbon in soil aggregates3. Adding Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate to soil improves the soil structure, its microbes, and root systems thus improving plant health and allowing the soil and plant to capture more carbon4.
Typical Soil Health Programs include:
Good Soil Health practices are critical to ensure Carbon sequestration happens. Typical Soil Health Practices include cover crops, no till farming, crop rotation, composting, minimal grazing and perennial plant placements.
The application of Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate, a bio-stimulant, will:
- Improve soil structure – minimizing such issues as clumping, crusting, and as a result, erosion5 ; Additionally, it improves micro-organism production in salty soils;
- Improve water infiltration thus bringing water, fertilizers, carbon, and other elements to the lower root levels6 ;
- Improve Calcium and Sulfur macronutrient uptake – which improves the cell structure of the plant making it more efficient during photosynthesis7 ;
Better Soil Health, Water & Fertilizer efficiency, results in healthier plants and enhanced carbon capture.
Tackling the More Dangerous Emissions:
Methane and Nitrous Oxide are derived from animal manure, flatulence and other animal by-products. These gasses are most dangerous to global warming:
- Methane (CH4) is 84x and
- Nitrous Oxide (N2O) is 264x more powerful than CO2 in forcing rising temperatures 8.
1 McKinsey & Co.: Agriculture and Climate Change, pg. 6, 7
2 Loveday J. (1981) Soil Management and amelioration. Abbot TS, Hawkins CA and Searle, PGE, eds. National soils conference 1980. Review Papers, pp 39-57. Glen Osmond, Australia: Australia Society of Soil Science Inc.
3 Carbon 180: Leading with Soil, pg. 10
4 Liming Chen and Warren Dick; 2011 from "Gypsum as an Agricultural Amendment. http://ohioline.osu.edu/b945/b945.pdf"
5 Loveday J. (1981) Soil Management and amelioration. Abbot TS, Hawkins CA and Searle, PGE, eds. National soils conference 1980. Review Papers, pp 39-57. Glen Osmond, Australia: Australia Society of Soil Science Inc.
6 Dr. Brent Rouppet, Ph.D. states, “Calcium Sulfate enhances water use efficiency so 25 to 100 % more water is available in calcium sulfate-treated soils compared to untreated soils.”
7 Dr. L. Oldham (2019) Secondary Plant Nutrients: Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur. Mississippi State University Extension, MS 39762. Information Sheet 1039 (POD-07-
8 McKinsey & Co.: Agriculture and Climate Change, pg. 6
9 http://www.soilsolutions.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Gypsum-reduces-methane-emission-during-the-stora ge-of-pig-slurry.pdf